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KUDZIWA

ONSE KUDZIWA achokera ku ntchitozo

Kusinthidwa pulasitiki kuti "atatu" kusintha

Mchere zochita kupanga monga ufa kashiamu carbonate ndi anawonjezera kuti utomoni m'munsi, ankaimba atatu ntchito yaikulu wochuluka bwino ntchito ndi kuchuluka magwiridwe, wotchedwa kudzazidwa pulasitiki. Pankhani ya ntchito kukumana, ntchito ufa, ndipo wamkulu udindo kuchepetsa ndalama. Kuchepetsa zipangizo mafuta ofotokoza yaiwisi a utomoni kupanga ntchito zopereka kwambiri anthu. Monga chuma China alowa "latsopano yachibadwa" komanso kusintha akafuna kukula zachuma, zambiri zofuna watsopano pa pulasitiki kusinthidwa. Mu General, kuwala, zinchito ndi Eco ndi malangizo tsogolo la makampani.

opepuka

Chifukwa zochita kupanga mchere ufa osalimba kuposa kachulukidwe wa polima utomoni (2-3), wodzazidwa ndi pulasitiki zinthu kachulukidwe Komanso kumawonjezera kwambiri chifukwa cha ufa anawonjezera. Unit kulemera kwa zinthu, a utomoni ndi ufa woyera chiŵerengero ndi wamfupi, chiwerengero, kutalika, dera limene mtengo kuchita masamu, ndi zomvetsa chifukwa cha kuchepa kwa zinthu izi zambiri n'kosangalatsa ubwino ntchito wotchipa ufa fillers. Komanso, kunenepa kuwonjezera ndalama zoyendera ntchito ndi nkhani zina. Komabe, kafukufuku anapeza, mwa zipangizo ndi luso ndi zipangizo luso, "kulemera vuto" zingathe kuthetsedwa kumlingo.

The ndondomeko anatambasula

Polypropylene (PP) mosabisa, pambuyo pafupifupi kasanu ndi kamodzi nthawi kwamakokedwe, calcium carbonate ufa particles anabalalitsidwa mu PP mamolekyulu anapanga kupyolera Tambasula mabowo kotero kuti thupi lomwelo zakuthupi, waya ake mosabisa kutalika sanasinthe kwambiri, choncho mankhwala mkulu kwamakokedwe mavuto kulemera si zoonekeratu.

Ombani akamaumba filimu pulasitiki pa nthawi ya processing ndi Tambasula bidirectional, chiŵerengero Tambasula amasiyanasiyana malinga zosiyanasiyana, koma ambiri kawiri kapena katatu. Ndipo kuwonjezera yofanana ufa jekeseni kuumbidwa zinthu pulasitiki, kachulukidwe filimu zokula n'chochepa kwambiri.

zotsatira anasonyeza kuti, ngakhale kuti akamaumba jekeseni ngati mungathe adziwe kuthamanga jekeseni ndipo wanyamula kuthamanga nthawi, mofanana formulations ndi zida processing, kusintha kachulukidwe chuma mpaka 3 ~ 4% ya mankhwala ake jekeseni akamaumba.

Pulasitiki zowonjezera osiyanitsidwa msika kusonkhana

zina pulasitiki katundu pulasitiki chifukwa kwa chiwerengero cha osachepera 8%, koma wake pa katundu wa processing mapulasitiki ndi mankhwala kusintha ndi patsogolo ntchito imene amachita mbali yofunika kwambiri. Kamodzi dongosolo mu resins polima, kusankha ndi ntchito zina ndi kudziwa bwino kapena kiyi mankhwala.

Monga thandizo lofunika la mapulasitiki processing makampani, mapulasitiki zina ndi milingo zapamwamba, mlingo wa mankhwala khalidwe, mtengo, chimakhudza ndi kudziwa zosiyanasiyana ndondomeko akamaumba ndi zida kutulutsa katundu pulasitiki wa khalidwe ndi phindu. Tinganene kuti mapulasitiki processing makampani ndi pulasitiki katundu kuukitsa mfundo zina pulasitiki Sinthani monga pasadakhale!

M'zaka zaposachedwapa, makampani othandiza apita patsogolo ndithu ndiponso achita. Plasticizer kupanga lonse, ndi luso, mankhwala khalidwe ndi mankhwala mitundu ndi zoweta mtengo Kudzidalira zonse bwino; kashiamu nthaka kalasi otentha khola wothandizira wa mphamvu, ndi mitundu ndi buku ntchito zikuchepa kukula, kutsogolera mchere khola wothandizila chiwerengero zina yafupika; palibe halogen, ndi otsika utsi kuwonjezeka mtundu lawi wamtundu uliwonse wothandizila ndi organic pakachitsulo lawi wamtundu uliwonse wothandizila kupanga chitukuko anapanga mogwira mtima; latsopano dongosolo maselo, ndi mtundu wopatulika wa antioxidant, ndi kuwala khola mitundu wothandizila zonse umatulutsa. Komanso, mankhwala thobvu wothandizira, zimakhudza modifiers ndi lubricants, wothandizila lumikiza, wothandizila antistatic, wothandizila nucleating ndi mankhwala ena othandiza yapindula zolimbikitsa.

Kuyambira 2015 mu malonda makampani ndizo pang'ono pansi, koma matani phindu malire bwino, ena ngakhale amaoneka ndi zinthu masewera. Pankhani ya makampani mapulasitiki ngati si wosangalala, mankhwala chitukuko ndi bwino kuposa mitundu ina. Izi patsogolo zina mapulasitiki pa amasokoneza ndi kupanga bwino akukankha ndi kulimbikitsa mapulasitiki ntchito ndi kupanga ndiponso pokonza wa chitukuko ndi patsogolo.

Direct kucheza ndi asatayike ma CD chuma ndi njira chidebe

Chifukwa ma CD chuma, ndi chidebe cha zikuchokera, mankhwala ndi sankhani Chalk oyambirira ndi ndondomeko kupanga chosiyana, ma CD mankhwala zakuthupi ndi chidebe mu makope ena a gulu akhoza adzakhala anali ndi kukhudzana mankhwala kusungunuka kunja, ndi kapena ndi mankhwala zinachitika lililonse ntchito zina, ndi kapena mankhwala yaitali akuwukha dzimbiri kuchokera miyala ndi mwachindunji mavuto mankhwala a khalidwe; ndi ena pa khalidwe mankhwala ndi anthu mmene wabisa kugonana (kuti mwa khalidwe mankhwala ndi anthu a General mayeso sangathe yake anapeza vuto).

mfundo anasankhidwa ndi zofunika

1, ma CD magwiridwe

Mankhwala kupanga fakitale, yosungirako, kayendedwe, ntchito mankhwala, m'nthawi ya mankhwala, atenge chitetezo cha khalidwe mankhwala, yabwino zaumoyo ntchito.

2, kusankha mfundo

Chimayenera kukhala ndi makhalidwe a kufunika mankhwala ndi ma CD mankhwala zipangizo, chiphunzitso ndi kupanga njira, sankhani kuwala, kutentha, kuzizira, cheza kutetezedwa katundu kwambiri chotchinga, mpweya, nthunzi ya madzi, ndi zinthu zina, bata awo, ndi zipangizo ma CD mankhwala ndi muli kapena kusintha kwa wina ndi mzake.

Malasha kuti olefin ozizira koma osati otentha pamene vuto

2015, China khala malonda olefin anawonjezera mphamvu kumasulidwa mayendedwe mwachionekere mochedwa, anakonza chaka chino ayenera ali matani oposa 3 miliyoni chipangizo kupanga, koma, ngati October mapeto a latsopano kufala chipangizo angakhoze kokha ali Tung Wah Gulu mphamvu Yangtze Mtsinje petrochemical ndi Pucheng woyera mphamvu, ndipo malinga ndi uthenga odalirika anati, chikuyembekezeka chaka chino theka lachiwiri la kupanga matani 350,000 / zaka za mu Mumtima Mongolia yaitali Thai chipangizo mphamvu PP adzakhala kulephereka kwa 2016, ndipo chikuyembekezeka November mapeto a galimoto mu pulasitala malasha chachikulu, chaka chino akhoza kuyendetsa panopa akadali anamasulidwa kudziwa uthenga. Nthawiyi, Changzhou Fude, Guangzhou petrochemical ndi Qinghai Salt Lake alinso kuchedwa osiyana nthawi. Malasha kuti olefin si nkhonya zinawatengera, njira?

Kunena choonadi, ndi Taphunzira mafuta dziko la anthu biliyoni 1.3 ali oposa 10 khala gasification zipangizo si kwambiri, koma otchulidwa, ndalama ambiri bullish chifukwa cha chiyembekezo chuma khala gasification. Choncho liwiro ake phindu ndi kupanga kukhala mwina mlandu. Pafupifupi chaka, mayiko mitengo mafuta kugwa kuchokera pamwamba, ndi kuchepa mphamvu imene angathe, nthawi yaitali otsika mantha kwenikweni mafuta ndi olefins lalikulu zazikulu si luso chabe ali wokhwima kwambiri, ndi mtengo wotsika mtengo. Malasha mwayi olefin phindu pang'onopang'ono mbisoweka pa nthawi yomweyo, ngati PP, Pedaya mtengo msika akupitiriza kugwa, mankhwala mafuta ndi mankhwala khala kufalitsa mu masiku posachedwapa anachepetsa, malasha mankhwala makampani otsika mitengo ntchito salinso. Mu PP, mwachitsanzo, tsopano khala ndi olefins malonda ku khala ku polypropylene yaiwisi ndalama chuma, ndalama chuma ndi ndalama kasamalidwe mu Uwerenge padziko 7000 n'chokwana / tani, ndi PP mtengo msika kusiyana, ena makampani ngakhale ndalama otayika, phindu ndipo ngati m'tsogolo chitukuko cha khala kuti olefins akhoza ngati_ngati anafotokoza.

Kumene, kuwonjezera pa mtengo otsika mafuta kuletsa khala m'banja kwa olefin kupanga slowdown polojekiti zinthu zazikulu, luso, likulu, chilengedwe zimakhudza ziyenera ndi mafunso angapo, ndipo wamba cholinga galimoto mu msewu pang'onopang'ono. Ananeneratu kuti ngati mayiko mitengo mafuta kukhala pa kuzungulira 50 madola mbiya, iwo ayenera kuti adzathe tione ziyembekezo za malasha ndi olefins chikuyembekezeka.

PP mitengo apitiriza kulimbikitsa pansi pakati yokoka "kugwa pa" liti?

PP waukulu zinthu zoipa mu msika posachedwapa:

1 ndi oyima anawonjezera, galimoto latsopano zomera petrochemical alibe koma kawirikawiri, palibe kusintha kwakukulu nawonso msika.

2, kufunika komaliza Kenako kutopa, mafakitale kwambiri kulandira Imani, kupitiriza-kufunika zogula kukhalabe kupanga yachibadwa.

3 mtima woipa ulamuliro, athandizi, ambiri mwa kuchuluka phindu kugawana zambiri, kusunga katundu wake otsika.

4, "migolo awiri" petrochemical m'matangadza kugwa mchipembedzo zochita zitatsekedwa, zotchipa kupitiriza kugunda msika.

5, PP yochepa zolinga msika lalikulu, zofunika tsiku ndi kutsegula otsika, chopinga wa malo malonda changu, msika zonse opanikizika.

6, mayiko mitengo mafuta mu ofooka, ngakhale zokwera ndi zotsika nthawi, koma analephera kupitiriza, komanso bwanji malo msika PP.

Dawn polyethylene msika chete kwa nthawi yaitali?

Kuchokera kumsika, zinthu zazikulu zokhudza msika Pe ndi: kumtunda msika chikhazikitso cha okwanira ndi anthu, ndondomeko mitengo malonda petrochemical ndi kachitidwe liniya a zam'tsogolo.

Kumtunda misika: mitengo mafuta padziko lonse kuyambira mkulu chaka chatha a $ 110 oyambirira chowongolera. Panopa, United States New York mafuta zam'tsogolo mitengo tiwolokere kuzungulira $ 40, Brent mafuta zam'tsogolo mitengo tiwolokere kuzungulira $ 44. Wonjezerani kuchepetsa, kufunika ofooka, mkulu inventories mafuta apitiriza kuletsa mtengo, mkulu kufufuza tsiku anakweza, mafuta mtengo linagawidwa liri lolefuka. Asian vinilu, chifukwa kotunga zolimba ndi kufunika m'munsi, kuchirikiza mitengo ethylene mu kumpoto Asia Komabe, poyerekeza ndi nthawi yomweyi chaka chatha, kufalikira akadali chachikulu.

Chikhazikitso cha okwanira ndi kufunika: monga zomera khala mankhwala khola zochepa, yochepa magalimoto ndi kukonza ngozi ali mochuluka kwambiri mu November, koma anataya kupanga chifukwa magalimoto ndi kukonza zikwi zana chabe matani, kotero yobweretsa msika kuthamanga akadali kwambiri . Anasintha msika polojekitiyi khala gasification, Shenhua Yu Lin matani 300,000 mphamvu kuchedwa mpaka mapeto a December Launch, yokutidwa matani 300,000 wa mbewu malasha March chaka chamawa chikuyembekezeka anaika. Yopanga wa malasha gasification ntchito, ngakhale zovuta kumenya kwa nthawi yochepa PetroChina ndi Sinopec mu mtsogoleri mapulasitiki msika, koma pang'onopang'ono kufooketsa makampani kwa phindu okhawo, msika akukumana ndi mavuto. Kuuza, mu nkhani ya zachuma, ndi mapulasitiki makampani sangakhale zosiyana. Azilamula zipangizo chaka chino kuposa zaka zam'mbuyo, mapulasitiki manufactures mabizinezi lalikulu ndi sing'anga kugwira ntchito mu 70%, mabungwe ang'onoang'ono ulimi imachitika 60% -80% fakitale katundu osauka zolinga ochepa a zogula wonse, zovuta kuthandiza malonda akhalire. Kapena ofooka ankafuna zinthu chosokonezeka msika Outlook.

Petrochemical makampani: mchikakamizo cha mafuta / zam'tsogolo pansi, zakuti dera mtengo kagawo ka petrochemical, mafuta, kukokoloka thandizo pa msika pa nthawi yomweyo, limasonyezanso kuti pali ena kukakamiza malonda akhalire mtima woipa kuchuluka, chifukwa mu waulesi msika chonse zovuta. Mapeto a mwezi uno, mitengo mafuta kusiya kugwa kumbuyo pa malopo msika mothandizidwa ndi amphamvu zabwino, koma linagawidwa zisathe n'zovuta kulosera mu mtengo tsogolo la mafuta ndipo zam'tsogolo mumaganiza apitiriza kukhala chinthu chofunika kwambiri za mitengo ya petrochemical.

Pa 2016 chitukuko polypropylene makampani

Ndi December, kuzungulira 2015, pa mtengo otsika mafuta mayiko yosakongola, osakwatiwa ndi zinthu zosiyanasiyana zoipa monga okwanira ndi kufunika vutoli kugunda, polypropylene ku China ndipo ngakhale lonse mapulasitiki makampani sichikuyenda, kugwa mitengo, ndi tsogolo lodzaza ndi zizindikiro funso. Ngakhale zaposachedwapa, ulimi wa sayansi polypropylene chothandizira, umisiri chitukuko patsogolo ndithu, koma chuma chapadera ndi mtengo wapatali anawonjezera komabe ayenera tiitanitse zipangizo zina zamakono komanso kudalira kunja. Pamodzi ndi mitengo ya katundu dziko mu Middle East, kufinya misika wathu, mpikisano malonda ndi kwambiri. Apitirizebe Pati kuti tumphatumpha Mkhalidwe kuti ntchito zapakhomo pp.

Ngakhale polypropylene wagawo kuliwerenga, koma pokha kupanga umodzi-wagawo mphamvu kupanga yochepa, zikubweretsa kupanga aulesi, mowa mphamvu apamwamba. Choncho, tiyenera gawo kunja mphamvu kupanga m'mbuyo, asagwiritse makampani mwayi dongosolo kuonetsetsa kuti ntchito atsopano lonse ndi ndondomeko afika msinkhu mayiko zamakono, kusintha msika mpikisano amakampani kuyesetsa mankhwala khalidwe ndi dziko kalasi.

Chachiwiri, China ndi luso chitukuko mphamvu, ayenera patsogolo luso luso palokha ndipo mafakitale a kafukufuku malonda kwambiri posachedwapa mwachangu kutsatira dziko la umisiri polypropylene chothandizira ndi ntchito kuti tiyambe mpikisano wa luso zoweta, zowononga ogumuka pakati pa zolinga lonse.

Atatu panopa amadza copolymer polypropylene mankhwala mankhwala ndi zipangizo otsika kuchuluka, monga mankhwala mkulu-yotsiriza. Kusintha dongosolo mankhwala, kulimbitsa zoyesayesa zake kukhala zatsopano layandikira. Tsogolo ntchito watsopano ayenera kuganizira mkulu khalidwe, mkulu mankhwala wapatali anawonjezera.

The anayi, anakhazikitsa malonda maukonde, kupyolera mu njira msika, kusinthasintha kusintha kupanga kukumana kufunika msika, ndi chiweruzo wokonzeka wa kufunika msika kumathandizanso makampani kupewa pachiswe.

PBT pachimake-anawomba nsalu thonje msika kufunika chifukwa

Tongxiang kufunika msika

Mu msika nsalu wonse anavutika pamene yozizira akubwera, Tongxiang msika ndi nkhani ina. Iwo anazindikira kuti Tongxiang cored onyenga kalulu tsitsi thonje pa msika ngati moto m'nyengo yozizira, amalamula Kuphulika, kubweretsa ofunda kwa kuziziritsa msika. Pakali pano, wosakaniza thonje kupota pachimake-anawomba nsalu thonje makina Chalk, ku zipangizo ku PBT nayiloni, amene timapemphera zikutha. Malinga ndi kafukufuku, ndi thonje bale mpaka 35% miyezi iwiri yapitayi, yobereka kwa masiku 15; pachimake chowonjezera ndalama chipangizo anauka 38%, nthawi yobereka ndi anawonjezera kuti masiku 20. malamulo thonje, koma ayenera uchitike. Komabe, msika posachedwapa kugula kuwala zikuthwanima zokha anawomba nsalu zambiri, akuluakulu lalifupi kotunga zinthu pa msika. Izi kung'anima lalifupi CHIKWANGWANI pachimake-anawomba nsalu thonje kupanga kung'anima onyenga kalulu tsitsi zipangizo.

Zhangjiagang kupanga fakitale PBT pachimake-anawomba nsalu thonje

Kuti chachikulu cha phukusi pakati thonje kupanga maziko Zhangjiagang de A mankhwala kutauni milandu, ndiwofatsa akuti panopa kupanga PBT phukusi pakati thonje zida ali pafupi 400 Taiwan, izi angapo adakali akupitiriza duwa, panopa kupanga m'deralo zambiri fakitale waukulu anaikira mu pamlingo wochepa wa processing mtundu fakitale yopanga mbali fakitale chiwerengero ali wakhala theka pamwamba, mu lalikulu amoniya LUN phukusi pakati kupanga ulusi fakitale wachibale kusamala, gawo ubwino bwino amoniya LUN phukusi pakati thonje fakitale sakutero kupanga, koma ndi PBT phukusi pakati thonje msika wa anapitiriza Kulowa PBT ali ndi ambiri mafakitale ku pachimake-anawomba nsalu thonje kupanga.

PBT CHIKWANGWANI ndi chiyani?

PBT ndi mtundu wa ulusi poliyesitala latsopano, zambiri zochokera PTA esterification mwachindunji ndi BDO ulimi, ndiyeno linakhala condensation anachita, kenaka Sungunulani kupota ndi PBT ulusi. 30% ~ 60% PBT CHIKWANGWANI elongation, zotanuka kuchira kuposa poliyesitala ndi nayiloni, spandex pasanathe; Komanso, PBT CHIKWANGWANI ali ndi chinthu chimodzimodzi kwambiri ndi kutiumba bata, bulkiness, ndi potelani ndi olemekezeka, ndi ubweya kumva, choncho m'madera ena a nsalu komanso ali wamkulu angathe.

nyumba pulasitiki zidindo kupanga mzere zotsimikizira pulasitiki Chinsinsi mbali

1, chabwino madzi kulimbikira nyumba pulasitiki zidindo kupanga mzere. Ngakhale ngati kumizidwa kwathunthu mu madzi kwa masiku angapo, kapena mapindikidwe chifukwa chinyontho. Siidzaola dzimbiri.

2, ndi simenti zosagwirizana, kukakamira, kumasulidwa mosavuta pambuyo yomanga kapena mapindikidwe chifukwa guluu wolimba simenti lapansi.

3, mkulu dzuwa, wabwino pulasitiki nyumba zidindo kupanga mzere. Ndi kumanga nyumba pamwamba yosalala, popanda kusinthidwa kachiwiri.

4, kupulumutsa ndondomeko, bwino ndi dzuwa la zomangamanga. Pamene Chinsinsi ndi kukonzedwa pa nthawi yomweyo, Pretreat ndi zidindo, kutenga dongosolo khoma.

 

Pe pulasitiki pepala kupanga mzere kunja mankhwala

mankhwala wathu zoweta Pe pulasitiki pepala kupanga mzere, chachikulu zigawo magetsi ali kunja, digiri yapamwamba ya zochita zokha, liwiro kupanga ntchito mosavuta, mtengo zosakwana 1/10 kumuwonetsa zida ofanana kunja. Kupanga nkhuni pulasitiki mbale zokonzekera, PVC ndi ufa matabwa, mbewu udzu ngati zopangira, extrusion ndondomeko akamaumba khalidwe mankhwala kukwaniritsa ziyeneretso muyezo wa mankhwala ofanana yachilendo.

Kupanga mbale moto umboni, chinyezi-umboni, mbali moto wamtundu uliwonse, ankagwiritsa ntchito zomangamanga, yokongola ndi kukonza ndipo ali yotakata msika chiyembekezo ndi wokhalitsa malonda angathe. Matabwa pulasitiki m'malo mwa mtengo, kuteteza chuma nkhalango; pulasitiki matabwa akhoza kudzala udzu, kuchepetsa kuwonongeka kwa malo; plywood matabwa kuthetsa kuipitsa woyera, wokongoletsa chilengedwe.

Njira: utuchi (CHIKWANGWANI) kuyanika, kuwonjezera wambirimbiri ufa nkhuni; kusintha zazing'ono, komanso zingabweretse PVC chithovu bolodi, mpunga chinangwa akhoza m'malo nkhuni.

Pe pulasitiki pepala kupanga mzere ndi mwapadera SJSZ92 conical amapasa wononga extruder, DC variable liwiro galimoto, kutentha kulamulira chida zopangidwa kuchokera kunja, ali ndi liwiro lonse osiyanasiyana, mkulu mwatsatanetsatane kulamulira kutentha, zosavuta ntchito ndi odalirika. Wothandiza zingalowe ulili tebulo, samatha makina, kudula makina ndi Kankhani chimango.

Okonzeka ndi chipangizo chachikulu kuzirala kuonetsetsa kuti chifukwa pepala zitsulo kupanga. Track-mtundu thalakitala mwandondomeko zida galimoto ndi inverter, ndi kapangidwe wololera, samatha wamkulu, samatha, bata ndi zina zotero. Kudula makina ndi odalirika ndi zolondola, mkulu kudula molondola phindu, kukankha pachithandara ndi zochotseka Kankhani trolley ndi ❖ kuyanika wapadera labala, ndi osati kuwapweteka chuma, yosavuta kugwiritsa ntchito ndi zina zotero. Wothandiza makina wagawo ndi dongosolo programmable ulamuliro kulamulira kompyuta kapena zopangidwa zoweta, makina wathunthu asaaonerera bata odalirika.

Mwachidule Kupenda chitukuko cha zida CD ndi miyezo

China mapulasitiki ma CD zipangizo makampani ndi limodzi mwa makampani zikuluzikulu, 2011 ma CD wathu linanena bungwe mafakitale anafika 130 miliyoni n'chokwana, kuwonjezeka ndi 20% chaka, 2014 kapena kukwaniritsa 2 thililiyoni n'chokwana, lili pa nambala 14 m'mafakitale 42 zikuluzikulu dziko, wakhala wachiwiri kukula United States chachiwiri padziko lonse lapansi phukusi. Chakudya ma CD makampani mlandu 1/3, zaka 2013 mu makampani ma CD makampani, mapulasitiki China processing makampani pamwamba chokhazikitsidwa kupanga kukula anafika matani mamiliyoni 61,886, kuphatikiza kupanga kwa mabizinesi ang'onoang'ono ndi yaying'ono matani oposa 80 miliyoni mu 2014, ntchito mankhwala pulasitiki ma CD wakhala kuposa matani 100 miliyoni, amene, oposa 20 miliyoni matani chakudya ma CD pulasitiki, choncho chitetezo ake ungathenso nkhani otentha.

Katundu pulasitiki zakuthupi ndi pulasitiki, ndi utomoni pulasitiki ndi katundu pulasitiki processing za zina mitundu yosiyanasiyana ali ambiri, kuti anafika pulasitiki utomoni kapena mankhwala AA makhalidwe, mu processing zimapezeka ayenera tinkafuna anawonjezera mofanana ndi bwino ntchito yake processing kapena makhalidwe, ndi zina izi processing Mthandizi wake wa makhalidwe dongosolo mu ntchito njira kapena mankhwala mu alibe bata, kuti zinachititsa kuti mpweya zoipa loopsali ndi kusamuka kwa anthu umabweretsa ali ayenera zinthu zoipa.

Makamaka, tilibe zonse ntchito kwa nthawi zonse titsatire ubwino. ntchito katundu ndi zipangizo zabwino yaiwisi kupanga, zikubweretsa chisokonezo msika; zina zazing'ono mafakitale kanyumba. Lokha zipangizo zopangira lidalembedwa ndi zololeka, pochita chiyani ziyeneretso chakudya ma CD kupanga zipangizo zamakono, kupanga si akwaniritsa zofunikira za chomaliza mankhwala, kubweretsa ku msika monga osocheretsa lonse.

Choncho padziko pulasitiki chakudya ma CD chuma vuto chitetezo wakhala ndinaganiza anakhala anthu chisamaliro ambiri otentha, China chifukwa makampani pulasitiki anayamba mochedwa, ndi chitukuko msanga, kufunika zoweta yaikulu, zinachititsa ena obisika wotsutsana ndi yake anapeza, yovomerezeka ya muyezo mu nthawi ndi gawo msika ndendende, kwa ena ka msonkhano mtundu fakitale kumanzere ali ndi kupulumuka kwa malo, komanso mafakitale kumabweretsa ali zoipa kwenikweni.

 

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